To the northeast of the city center, Boudhanath is one of the largest Buddhist stupas in the world. It is built on an octagonal base with striking painted eyes, as the sound of bells and chimes and monks chanting as devotees circle the monument spinning its hundreds of prayer wheels. The center of the Buddhist community in the city, you can meet monks and pilgrims, nuns and lamas from the farthest corners of the Tibetan cultural world, many dressed in traditional attire. You can also visit grand monasteries filled with golden Buddha statues, and observe the monks during their daily prayer practices.
From above, Boudhanath Stupa resembles a giant mandala, or diagram of the Buddhist cosmos. Furthermore as in all Tibetan mandalas, four of the Dhyani Buddhas mark the cardinal focuses, with the fifth, Vairocana, revered in the core (in the white half of the globe of the stupa). The five Buddhas likewise embody the five components (earth, water, fire, air and ether), which are spoken to in the stupa’s structural planning. As at Swayambhunath, Boudhanath is topped with a square tower bearing the omnipresent Buddha eyes on each of the four sides. Standing at a height of 36 meters, its intricate design and colorful prayer flags are an inspiring sight to both devotees and visitors alike. Labeled as a world heritage Site, Boudhanath is one of the local favorites.
Boudhanath is believed to be established by the Nepalese Licchavi ruler Śivadeva (c. 590-604 AD); however other Nepalese accounts date it to the rule of King Mānadeva (464-505 AD).